Contemporary Clinical Dentistry

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 354--357

Assessment of relation of orofacial structures with pharynx among males and females: A lateral cephalometric study


Virendra Vadher1, CH Sudheer Kumar2, Vaibhav Khare2, Ravi S Nande2, Sonia Sharma2, Versha Jain2 
1 Department of Orthodontics, Government Dental College, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India
2 Department of Orthodontics, Triveni Dental College, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Virendra Vadher
Department of Orthodontics, Government Dental College, Raipur, Chhattisgarh
India

Aim: This study aimed to determine the correlation between orofacial structure and oropharyngeal airway space. Materials and Methods: It comprised of 160 individuals aged 14–24 years (males: 80 and females: 80), in which digital lateral cephalograms were taken. Linear and cephalometric analyses were performed in all cases. Results: Ba–PNS, apw2–ppw2, hy–apw2, distance between tongue and posterior pharyngeal wall (t–ppw), and Hormion perpendicular and anterior nasal spine-posterior nasal spine (ANS-PNS) showed significant difference between males and females (P < 0.05). Other distances such as Ba–ad1, Ba–ad2, Ptm–ad1, Ptm–ad2, PNS–ppw1, and apw4–ppw4 were statistically nonsignificant (P > 0.05). Conclusion: Linear and cephalometric measurements showed that Ba–PNS, t–ppw, Hy–ppw2, distance between Ho perpendicular and ANS-PNS plane, and apw2–ppw2 were higher in males as compared to females. Lateral cephalograms are useful in orthodontics in performing tracings in individuals with a potential risk of malocclusion.


How to cite this article:
Vadher V, Sudheer Kumar C H, Khare V, Nande RS, Sharma S, Jain V. Assessment of relation of orofacial structures with pharynx among males and females: A lateral cephalometric study.Contemp Clin Dent 2018;9:354-357


How to cite this URL:
Vadher V, Sudheer Kumar C H, Khare V, Nande RS, Sharma S, Jain V. Assessment of relation of orofacial structures with pharynx among males and females: A lateral cephalometric study. Contemp Clin Dent [serial online] 2018 [cited 2022 Jun 30 ];9:354-357
Available from: https://www.contempclindent.org/article.asp?issn=0976-237X;year=2018;volume=9;issue=6;spage=354;epage=357;aulast=Vadher;type=0