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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 471-476

Evaluation of primary stability of cylindrical and tapered implants in different bone types by measuring implant displacement: An In vitro study


Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Nara Medical University, Kashihara, Nara, Japan

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Tsutomu Sugiura
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Nara Medical University, 840 Shijo-cho, Kashihara City, Nara 634-8522
Japan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_788_18

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Aims: The purposes of this study were to investigate the primary stability of cylindrical and tapered implants in different bone types by measuring implant displacement and to examine the relationship between insertion torque value (ITV) and implant displacement. Materials and Methods: Four different polyurethane bone models consisted of low-density or low-to-medium-density cancellous bone with or without a cortical bone layer. A total of 120 cylindrical and tapered implants were placed into bone blocks (n = 15 in each group), and the ITV was measured. A lateral load of 15 N was applied to the top of the abutment, and implant displacement was recorded. Results: Implant displacement was significantly affected by cancellous bone density and to a lesser degree by cortical bone thickness. The displacement of tapered implants was significantly smaller than that of cylindrical implants in the presence of cortical bone. However, both implant groups showed similar ITV in the low-density cancellous bone model with the cortical bone layer. There was a correlation between ITV and displacement in the cylindrical and tapered implants. However, no correlation was observed between ITV and displacement within each bone type. Conclusions: Implant stability depended mainly on the bone type, whereas implant design had a limited influence on primary stability. The use of tapered implants may be advantageous for improving primary stability in patients with low-density cancellous bone only when crestal cortical bone exists. The same ITV of cylindrical and tapered implants did not necessarily represent similar primary stability in the bone type.


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