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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 256-260

Burning mouth syndrome: A comparative cross-sectional study

1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine, Dental School, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
2 Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Midwifery and Nursing, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
3 Department Oral Pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Maryam Rabiei
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine, Dental School, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Lakan Street, Rasht
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_175_18

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Background and Aim: Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) may be defined as a burning sensation in the oral mucosa usually unaccompanied by clinical signs. Multiple conditions have been attributed to a burning sensation. The aim of this study was to determine the role of age and sex in BMS. Materials and Methods: A total of 195 consecutive patients with BMS and 95 healthy patients without burning sensation were recruited in this study. Patients with BMS had experienced oral, burning sensations for at least 6 months without oral clinical signs, and with a normal blood count. Multiple logistic regression analyses were utilized to define the main predictors. Results: Menopause, candidiasis, psychological disorders, job status, denture, and dry mouth were significantly frequent in BMS patients. Multivariate logistic regression indicated age (odds ratio (OR) =1.12, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.08–1.15, P < 0.0001) and sex (OR = 3.14, 95% CI: 1.4–6.7, P < 0.002) significantly increase the odds of BMS. Psychological disorders (OR = 3.39, 95% CI: 1.2–9.5, P < 0.02) and candidiasis remain as predictive factors. Ultimately, age was defined as a critical predictor. Moreover, we can therefore predict that a 60-year-old woman with psychological disorders is 25 times more likely to suffer from BMS than a man 10 years younger who has no psychological disorder. Conclusion: Age and sex were the main predictors in BMS. Psychological disorders and candidiasis were significantly associated with the occurrence of BMS.

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