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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 110-114

Bridge flap technique as a single-step solution to mucogingival problems: A case series

1 Department of Periodontology, Saraswati Dental College and Hospital, Lucknow, India
2 Department of Periodontology, Teerthankar Mahaveer Dental College and Research Centre, Moradabad, India
3 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Saraswati Dental College and Hospital, Lucknow, India

Correspondence Address:
Vivek K Bains
Department of Periodontology, Saraswati Dental College and Hospital, 233, Tiwari Ganj, Faizabad Road, Chinhat, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh - 227 105
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0976-237X.83075

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Shallow vestibule, gingival recession, inadequate width of attached gingiva (AG) and aberrant frenum pull are an array of mucogingival problems for which several independent and effective surgical solutions are reported in the literature. This case series reports the effectiveness of the bridge flap technique as a single-step surgical entity for increasing the depth of the vestibule, root coverage, increasing the width of the AG and solving the problem of abnormal frenum pull. Eight patients with 18 teeth altogether having Millers class I, II or III recession along with problems of shallow vestibule, inadequate width of AG and with or without frenum pull underwent this surgical procedure and were followed-up till 9 months post-operatively. The mean root coverage obtained was 55% and the mean average gain in width of the AG was 3.5 mm. The mean percentage gain in clinical attachment level was 41%. The bridge flap technique can be an effective single-step solution for the aforementioned mucogingival problems if present simultaneously in any case, and offers considerable advantages over other mucogingival surgical techniques in terms of simplicity, limited chair-time for the patient and the operator, single surgical intervention for manifold mucogingival problems and low morbidity because of the absence of palatal donor tissue.

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