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  Citation statistics : Table of Contents
   2012| April-June  | Volume 3 | Issue 2  
    Online since July 23, 2012

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Evaluation of interleukin -1B (+3954) gene polymorphism in patients with chronic and aggressive periodontitis: A genetic association study
Sujata S Masamatti, Ashish Kumar, Tarun Kumar A Baron, Dhoom S Mehta, Kishore Bhat
April-June 2012, 3(2):144-149
DOI:10.4103/0976-237X.96815  PMID:22919211
Background: IL-1 cytokines have central roles in the pathogenesis of periodontal disease. Polymorphism in the locus +3954 (C/T) of the human IL-1B gene has been shown to affect the levels of this cytokine. Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between the IL-1 B (+3954) gene polymorphism and the occurrence of different clinical forms of periodontitis. Materials and Methods : Genomic DNA was obtained from 90 individuals and amplified using the PCR with specific primers flanking the locus +3954 of IL-1B. PCR products were submitted to restriction endonuclease digestion and analyzed by gel electrophoresis, allowing for the determination of the genotypes and detection of the polymorphism. Statistical Analysis: Fisher's exact test was used for comparing the frequency of genotype distributions between groups. Results: The chronic periodontitis group displayed a higher percentage of T alleles (38%) when compared to the aggressive periodontitis group (20%) and to the control group (19%). Conclusion: Our study data states that polymorphism in the locus +3954 of IL-1B gene could be a risk factor for chronic periodontitis in a sample of Indian population of Karnataka state.
  11 3,449 328
Reliability of natural head position in orthodontic diagnosis: A cephalometric study
Naveen Bansal, Jeetinder Singla, Gurmeet Gera, Monika Gupta, Gurpreet Kaur
April-June 2012, 3(2):180-183
DOI:10.4103/0976-237X.96824  PMID:22919219
Natural head position is a standardized and reproducible position, of the head in an upright posture, the eyes focused on a point in the distance at eye level, which implies that the visual axis is horizontal. While natural head position is a standardized position, natural head posture is a physiologic position of the head, when taking the first step forward from the standing to a moving or walking posture. "Orthoposition" is characteristic for a person and reproducible, but differs among persons. Cephalometrics is constantly undergoing refinements in its techniques and analyses to improve the clinical applications. NHP, a long-proposed modification, yet not fully into practice, can be an "ideal" reference for us to improve our cephalometric interpretation. This study was done to investigate sexual difference in the data obtained, from the study between male and female subjects and to compare the data given in 10-measurement cephalometric analysis based on natural head position, with the data obtained from the present study.
  11 3,875 396
Evaluation of micronuclei in tobacco users: A study in Punjabi population
Himanta Bansal, V Simarpreet Sandhu, Rajat Bhandari, Deepti Sharma
April-June 2012, 3(2):184-187
DOI:10.4103/0976-237X.96825  PMID:22919220
Introduction: The assessment of micronuclei in exfoliated cells is a promising tool for the study of epithelial carcinogens and can be used to detect chromosome breakage or mitotic interference, thought to be relevant to carcinogenesis. Aim: The present study aimed to detect micronuclei in exfoliated oral mucosal cells in individuals using various tobacco forms from the last 5 years. Materials and Methods: A total of 75 healthy male subjects (25 smokeless tobacco users, 25 smokers, and 25 non-tobacco users) were selected for the study. Smears were obtained with moistened wooden spatula from buccal mucosa and fixed with 95% alcohol. All the cytologic smears were stained by Papanicolaou technique. From each slide, ~1000 cells were examined under the 400× magnification and where micronucleated (MN) cells were located, they were examined under the 1000× magnification. Result: MN cells were found to be significantly higher in smokeless tobacco users than in smokers and controls. Conclusion: A positive correlation is found between increased micronucleus frequency and tobacco-using habits. So micronucleus assay can be used as a biomarker of genotoxicity.
  10 3,728 464
Prevalence of traumatic dental injuries to the anterior teeth among three to thirteen-year-old school children of Tamilnadu
Mohan Govindarajan, Venugopal N Reddy, Krishnakumar Ramalingam, Kaliyamoorthy Sugumaran Durai, Prasad Arun Rao, Anand Prabhu
April-June 2012, 3(2):164-167
DOI:10.4103/0976-237X.96819  PMID: 22919215
Context: Dental trauma has become an important attribute of dental public health. The primary requisite before actively dealing with such problems is to describe the extent, distribution, and associated variables with the specific condition. Aims: The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence and distribution of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) to anterior teeth among 3 to 13 years old Chidambaram school children. Settings and Design : A cross-sectional study was conducted. Data was collected through a survey form and clinical examination. Materials and Methods: A total of 3200 school children in the age group of 3-13 years were selected from 10 schools of Chidambaram, Tamilnadu. Information concerning sex, age, cause of trauma, number of injured teeth, type of the teeth, lip competence, terminal plane relationship and the molar relationship were recorded. Statistical Analysis Used: The statistical software EPIINFO (Version 6.0) was used for statistical analysis. In the present study, P≤0.05 was considered as the level of significance. Results: The trauma prevalence in the present study was 10.13%. Children with class I type 2 and mesial step molar relationship exhibited more number of dental injuries. Enamel fracture was the most common injury recorded. Only 3.37% of the children had undergone treatment. Conclusion: The high level of dental trauma and low percentage of children with trauma seeking treatment stresses the need for increased awareness in Chidambaram population.
  8 3,397 458
Treatment outcome and long-term stability of skeletal changes following maxillary distraction in adult subjects of cleft lip and palate
Satinder Pal Singh, Ashok Kumar Jena, Vidya Rattan, Ashok Kumar Utreja
April-June 2012, 3(2):188-192
DOI:10.4103/0976-237X.96827  PMID:22919221
Aim : To evaluate the treatment outcome and long-term stability of skeletal changes following maxillary advancement with distraction osteogenesis in adult subjects of cleft lip and palate. Materials and Methods: Total 12 North Indian adult patients in the age range of 17-34 years with cleft lip and palate underwent advancement of maxilla by distraction osteogenesis. Lateral cephalograms recorded prior to distraction, at the end of distraction, 6 months after distraction, and at least 24 months (mean 25.5 ± 1.94 months) after distraction osteogenesis were used for the evaluation of treatment outcome and long-term stability of the skeletal changes. Descriptive analysis, ANOVA, and post-hoc test were used, and P-value 0.05 was considered as a statistically significant level. Results: Maxillary distraction resulted in significant advancement of maxilla (P<0.001). Counterclockwise rotation of the palatal plane took place after maxillary distraction. The position of the mandible and facial heights were stable during distraction. During the first 6 months of the post-distraction period, the maxilla showed relapse of approximately 30%. However, after 6 months post distraction, the relapse was very negligible. Conclusions: Successful advancement of maxilla was achieved by distraction osteogenesis in adult subjects with cleft lip and palate. Most of the relapse occurred during the first 6 months of post-distraction period, and after that the outcomes were stable.
  7 3,414 235
Evaluation of efficacy of commercial denture cleansing agents to reduce the fungal biofilm activity from heat polymerized denture acrylic resin: An in vitro study
Mithilesh M Dhamande, Ashok J Pakhan, Ram U Thombare, Shyam L Ghodpage
April-June 2012, 3(2):168-172
DOI:10.4103/0976-237X.96820  PMID:22919216
Aims: To compare and evaluate Candida removing effects of three most commonly available varieties of commercial denture cleansers from heat polymerized acrylic resins. To compare and evaluate Candida lytic effects of denture cleansers. To assess the effect of time on ability of denture cleansers in reducing Candidal biofilm. Materials and Methods: A specially designed metal mold was fabricated to obtain wax plates of uniform dimensions which were used to fabricate heat cure acrylic resin plates. A square-shaped window of dimension 15 mm and thickness of 1.5 mm was provided in metal mould to simulate thickness of denture base. All samples used in this study were prepared using this mould. Candida albicans colonies were then cultured on this acrylic resin plates by colonization assay. Yeast removing test for samples was performed using microscope and yeast lytic test was performed using photo colorimeter. Results: Denture cleanser D2 showed the highest Candida removing activity when compared with cleansers D1, D3, and control solution. Denture cleansers D2 showed increased yeast lytic ability when compared with denture cleansers D1, D3, and control solution. More time span shared a definite influence on yeast lytic ability of denture cleansers. Conclusions: The effect of cleansing agents on removal of colonized yeasts particularly fungal biofilm from acrylic resins was assessed for clinical implications. The observation indicated superior performance of cleanser D2 when compared with D1 and D3 even though they all belong to same chemical group of alkaline peroxide. The increased effectiveness may be due to presence of sodium lauryl sulphate in formula of D2.
  5 2,607 302
Drug induced xerostomia in elderly individuals: An institutional study
Shishir Ram Shetty, Sunanda Bhowmick, Renita Castelino, Subhas Babu
April-June 2012, 3(2):173-175
DOI:10.4103/0976-237X.96821  PMID:22919217
Introduction : With better health care facilities and nutritional levels the average life expectancy of Indian population has been on the rise over the years. Most of the geriatric population is under long-term medication. Aim : The aim of this study was to evaluate the synergistic effect of multiple xerostomia drugs. Materials and Methods : Unstimulated saliva was measured in 60 geriatric patients, and xerostomia questionnaire and quality-of-life scale were also administered. Results : There was a very highly significant reduction in the salivary flow rates of patients under multiple xerostomia-inducing drugs. Conclusion : The synergistic effect of the xerostomia inducing medication could be the possible factor responsible for reduced salivary flow in elderly individuals using such drugs
  5 3,151 322
Mandibular metastasis in a patient with follicular carcinoma of thyroid
Chetan J Bhadage, Sagar Vaishampayan, Hemant Umarji
April-June 2012, 3(2):212-214
DOI:10.4103/0976-237X.96835  PMID:22919227
Mandibular metastasis due to thyroid carcinoma is not very frequent and the cases described in the literature are few. Due to its bloodstream dissemination, most of them are a consequence of the follicular variant of thyroid carcinomas. We are presenting a case in which the metastatic lesion of mandible was detected before diagnosis of primary malignancy.
  4 4,730 196
Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the parotid gland
Pournima Godge, Shubhra Sharma, Monica Yadav
April-June 2012, 3(2):223-226
DOI:10.4103/0976-237X.96838  PMID:22919230
Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) of salivary glands is a slow-growing malignant tumor, characterized by wide local infiltration, perineural spread, a propensity to local recurrence and late distant metastasis. Although ACC is the second most common malignant salivary gland neoplasm and constitutes approximately one-third of all salivary gland malignancies, it is relatively rare in parotid gland. Here, we present a case report of a cribriform type of ACC involving parotid salivary gland in a 66-year-old female.
  3 3,213 203
Central odontogenic fibroma of the mandible
V Chhabra, A Chhabra
April-June 2012, 3(2):230-233
DOI:10.4103/0976-237X.96845  PMID:22919232
Central odontogenic fibroma (COF) is an extremely rare benign tumor that accounts for 0.1% of all odontogenic tumors. It appears as an asymptomatic expansion of the cortical plate of the mandible or maxilla. Radiologically it presents as a unilocular or multilocular radiolucency. It responds well to surgical enucleation with no tendency for recurrence. We describe a case of COF in mandibular right posterior region in a 16-year-old female. The lesion was surgically removed and analyzed histopathologically.
  3 4,931 298
Reattachment of complicated tooth fracture: An alternative approach
Nujella B. P. Surya Kumari, V Sujana, CH Ram Sunil, P Satyanarayana Reddy
April-June 2012, 3(2):242-244
DOI:10.4103/0976-237X.96843  PMID:22919235
Trauma to the anterior teeth is relatively a common occurrence. There are several treatment modalities for such condition, one of which is reattachment of fractured fragment itself. Reattachment of fractured fragment provides immediate treatment with better esthetics, restoration of function, and is a faster and less complicated procedure. Reattachment of tooth fragment should be the first choice and is a viable alternative to conventional approaches because of simplicity, natural esthetics, and conservation of tooth structure. Patient cooperation and understanding of the limitations of the treatment is of utmost importance for good prognosis.The present case report describes management of a complicated fracture of maxillary right central incisor treated endodontically, followed by reattachment of the same fragment. Reattachment of fractured tooth fragments offers a viable restorative alternative, immediately restores tooth function for the clinician because it restores tooth function and esthetics with the use of a very conservative and cost-effective approach.
  3 3,091 382
Adenomatoid odontogenic tumor, an uncommon tumor
K Vasudevan, Senthil Kumar, Vijayasamundeeswari , Srivel Vigneswari
April-June 2012, 3(2):245-247
DOI:10.4103/0976-237X.96837  PMID:22919236
Here we report a case of adenomatoid odontogenic tumor (AOT) in the maxilla in a young girl aged 14 years and its surgical management. We also review the literature and variations in the nomenclature and classifications of this interesting tumor. The review of literature gives an interesting picture regarding terminologies in the past and dilemma in classifying this tumor. The introduction of the name adenomatoid odontogenic tumour has resulted in the simpler and fruitful surgical management like enucleation and curettage with no reports of recurrences. In the past, similar lesion with the terminology like adeno ameloblastoma has resulted in unnecessary mutilating surgery. The conflicting views whether the lesion is being neoplasm or an anomalous hamartomatous growth is also being discussed.
  3 8,125 454
Prevalence of areca nut chewing in the middle school-going children of Indore, India
Ashok Khandelwal, Vishal Khandelwal, Mainak K Saha, Sushma Khandelwal, Sai Prasad, Suparana G Saha
April-June 2012, 3(2):155-157
DOI:10.4103/0976-237X.96817  PMID:22919213
Objectives: To assess areca nut chewing habit among middle school-aged children in Indore, India. Areca nut is chewed by itself, and in various scented preparations. It is associated with carcinogenesis, foreign body aspiration in children, and oral submucous fibrosis and may aggravate asthma. Materials and Methods: A retrospective collection of data to evaluate the prevalence of areca nut chewing among 3896 children was done. A simple random sampling was done. Children of both sexes were included in this study. Results: 27.06% of the school-going children (1054/3896) had areca nut chewing habit. More boys chewed areca nut than girls (2:1). 45.42% of school going children of rural area pander to areca nut chewing habit, whereas in urban area 20.09% children are indulged. Government school children are more involved in areca nut chewing habit. 81.02% of the children used sweetened and flavoured form of areca nut. The majority of the users were not aware of harmful effects that the use of areca nut might be harmful for health Conclusion: To diminish the use of areca nut, the Indian Government should consider limiting trade, advertising, and actively communicating its health risks to the public and should deem heavy taxes on it.
  3 2,179 243
A comparison of the resin tag penetration of the total etch and the self-etch dentin bonding systems in the primary teeth: An in vitro study
Sajjad Mithiborwala, Vishwas Chaugule, AK Munshi, Vishwas Patil
April-June 2012, 3(2):158-163
DOI:10.4103/0976-237X.96818  PMID:22919214
Background and Objective : Restoration of carious lesions with a strong permanent bond would be a highly desirable requisite. Ultra morphological characterization shows that observing and understanding the interfacial phenomenon and its quality would be of great importance in the selection of a dental adhesive for its use in pediatric restorative dentistry. Study design : Human primary molars, indicated for extraction, for reasons like caries, normal exfoliation, pathological root resorption, over-retained and serial extraction, were collected. Teeth were then equally distributed into 2 subgroups each namely B1 - Prime and Bond NT & B2 - Xeno III. Results : The resin tags seen in the samples of group B2 were both qualitatively and quantitatively advanced as compared to group B1. This reveals that the quality of the penetration of the resin was better in group B2. Conclusion : Reduction in the technique sensitivity of any bonding system would always be a preferred factor in pediatric restorative dentistry. Thus the inclination towards the selection of adhesive system may lean towards the self-etching bonding system at this juncture.
  3 3,416 417
Oral myiasis in a maxillofacial trauma patient
Pramod Kumar, G. P. V Srikumar
April-June 2012, 3(2):202-204
DOI:10.4103/0976-237X.96830  PMID:22919224
Oral Myiasis is a rare disease that is mostly reported in developing countries. It is primarily caused by the invasion of the human body by fly larvae. The phenomenon is well-documented in the skin, especially among animals. This case report describes the presentation of Oral Myiasis caused by Musca Nebulo (common house fly), in a 28-year-old patient, with recent maxillofacial trauma. The patient was treated by manual removal of the larvae, after topical application of turpentine oil, followed by surgical debridement and oral therapy with Ivermectin.
  2 4,476 214
Ectrodactyly, ectodermal dysplasia, cleft lip, and palate (EEC syndrome)
Mohita Marwaha, Kanwar Deep Singh Nanda
April-June 2012, 3(2):205-208
DOI:10.4103/0976-237X.96831  PMID:22919225
The ectodermal dysplasias (EDs) are a large and complex group of diseases. More than 170 different clinical conditions have been recognized and defined as ectodermal dysplasias. Commonly involved ectodermal-derived structures are hair, teeth, nails, and sweat glands. In some conditions, it may be associated with mental retardation. We report a case of 10-year-old male child with ectrodactyly, syndactyly, ED, cleft lip/palate, hearing loss, and mental retardation.
  2 4,109 208
Efficacy of lignocaine with clonidine and adrenaline in minor oral surgical procedure
Shouvik Chowdhury, Madhumati Singh, Anjan Shah
April-June 2012, 3(2):227-229
DOI:10.4103/0976-237X.96839  PMID:22919231
Use of vasoconstrictors in local anaesthesia is well known. The study was done on 30 patients who underwent removal of bilateral impacted third molars. The aim of the study was to compare the efficacy of lignocaine with clonidine and lignocaine with adrenaline in respect to onset, duration of anaesthesia, and postoperative analgesia along with hemodynamic stability (systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure, heart rate in intraoral nerve block. The patients were randomly selected of both sexes (male and female) between the age group of 18-40 years. Patients received 2 mL of 2% lignocaine with adrenaline (12.5 μg/mL) on one side and 2 mL of 2% lignocaine with clonidine (15 μg/mL) on the other side at two different appointments. 2 millilitres of drug was administered in both the test group and the control group. Statistically there was significant decrease in intraoperative and postoperative systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure, and heart rate in the lignocaine with clonidine group. The efficacy of clonidine based on visual analog scale was similar to adrenaline. No significant operative complications were observed.
  2 1,925 174
Mandibular left first premolar with two roots: A morphological oddity
Nitin Kararia, Ajay Chaudhary, Vandana Kararia
April-June 2012, 3(2):234-236
DOI:10.4103/0976-237X.96840  PMID:22919233
Thorough knowledge of the root canal morphology, appropriate assessment of the pulp chamber floor, and critical interpretation of radiographs are a prerequisite for successful root canal therapy. The possibility of additional root/canal should be considered even in teeth with a low frequency of abnormal root canal anatomy. This article reports on a case of mandibular first premolar with two roots, which was successfully treated with root canal therapy.
  1 3,330 259
Managing curved canals
Iram Ansari, Rahul Maria
April-June 2012, 3(2):237-241
DOI:10.4103/0976-237X.96842  PMID:22919234
Dilaceration is the result of a developmental anomaly in which there has been an abrupt change in the axial inclination between the crown and the root of a tooth. Dilaceration can be seen in both the permanent and deciduous dentitions, and is more commonly found in posterior teeth and in maxilla. Periapical radiographs are the most appropriate way to diagnose the presence of root dilacerations. The controlled regularly tapered preparation of the curved canals is the ultimate challenge in endodontics. Careful and meticulous technique will yield a safe and sufficient enlargement of the curved canals. This article gives a review of the literature and three interesting case reports of root dilacerations.
  1 4,969 882
Rare carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma of the buccal minor salivary gland causing a therapeutic dilemma
Yogesh Kini, Chirag Desai, Uma Mahindra, Jitendra Kalburge
April-June 2012, 3(2):209-211
DOI:10.4103/0976-237X.96832  PMID:22919226
Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (CXPA), as a group, constitutes 12% of malignant salivary gland tumors. We present a case of CXPA of the buccal mucosa in a 17-year-old patient. The buccal mass was of a size of 3.0 cm located in the right cheek. Pleomorphic adenoma was the provisional diagnosis. The tumor was excised under local anesthesia. Histopathological evaluation revealed a pre-existing pleomorphic adenoma. However, on magnification, certain areas showed islands of dysplastic epithelial cells' invading the fibrous capsule and CXPA was diagnosed. The patient was recalled and secondary surgery of the site performed. No tumor tissue could be detected in the secondary resection specimen. There is no sign of recurrence since 2 years.
  1 4,114 182
In vitro action of various carbamide peroxide gel bleaching agents on the micro hardness of human enamel
CH R Sunil, V Sujana, T Manisha Choudary, B Nagesh
April-June 2012, 3(2):193-196
DOI:10.4103/0976-237X.96828  PMID:22919222
Aims and Objectives: The study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of different carbamide peroxide based gels on micro hardness of enamel exposed to these agents for a period of 8 h daily for a total of 1 week. Materials and Methods: Thirty enamel specimens of 5 x 5-mm dimensions were sectioned from labial surface of maxillary incisor teeth and were embedded in Bakelite. Each block is polished to facilitate micro hardness testing. Pre-bleaching hardness values of 30 samples were measured using Vickers micro hardness tester. After exposing the specimens for different agents for 8 h daily for 1 week, post-exposure micro hardness values were taken and evaluated. Conclusion: With increase in concentration of carbamide peroxide gel from 10% to 16%, mean micro hardness values decreased but to an insignificant level.
  1 2,873 211
A comparative study of linear measurements on facial skeleton with frontal and lateral cephalogram
Chandra Sekhar Gandikota, Naveen Rayapudi, Padma Latha Challa, Shubhaker Rao Juvvadi, PV Yudhister, Gutti Hariprasad Rao
April-June 2012, 3(2):176-179
DOI:10.4103/0976-237X.96823  PMID:22919218
Objective: To compare the accuracy of linear measurements on lateral and frontal cephalograms with gold standard skull measurements . Materials and Methods: Based on the specific criteria including reliable occlusion and condyles fitting in glenoid fossa, 15 dry human skulls were selected from a larger collection. Lateral and frontal cephalograms were taken of each skull by standardized methods. Steel ball bearings were used to identify the anatomic landmarks. Linear measurements in midsagittal plane were made on all three records. Intraclass correlation coefficients, Pearson's correlation coefficient and regression constant were calculated to assess the records simultaneously. Results: The frontal cephalometric measurements showed high correlation to the direct skull measurements (Pearson's coefficient 0.943<r<0.998) Conclusions: The linear measurements of the lateral cephalometric record are greater than the corresponding frontal cephalometric images. The overall findings of the present study showed that the frontal cephalometric measurements are closely related to the direct skull measures.
  1 2,143 165
Brittle teeth with brittle bone in a family for four generations: Case report and literature review
PS Shilpa, Chaya M David, Rachna Kaul, CJ Sanjay, BK Ram Narayan
April-June 2012, 3(2):197-201
DOI:10.4103/0976-237X.96822  PMID:22919223
Dentinogenesis imperfect (DI) is a hereditary dentine disorder affecting both deciduous and permanent teeth. DI is caused by mutations in genes encoding for type I collagen leading to discoloration of teeth. Shield around 30 years ago classified DI into 3 types (type I, II, and III). DI type I is associated with osteogenesis imperfect (OI), which is an inheritable disorder of connective tissue. Bone fragility and fracture of bone with minor trauma are hallmarks of this disorder. The objective of this article is to report and review a rare case of DI with OI affecting 4 generations of the family. Through this article, we intend to highlight genetic influence that affected a family for many generations, discuss the oral manifestations that can lead to the diagnosis of OI, and the importance of early diagnosis of OI.
  - 4,431 193
Management of periodontally compromised patient by orthodontic treatment: Does it help esthetically and biologically?
Subhash C Rao
April-June 2012, 3(2):215-218
DOI:10.4103/0976-237X.96836  PMID:22919228
Adults are always keen to know whether they can still opt for orthodontic treatment and they often ask the same question to the orthodontist and the orthodontist replies, it primarily depends on the health of the bone supporting the teeth. Yes, it is the bone health which is of prime importance to undergo orthodontic treatment. Here is a case report of a patient who underwent orthodontic treatment because of lower midline spacing and protrusion of the upper anteriors. The bone health of the upper and lower anteriors was compromised. At the end of the treatment, there was marked improvement in the bone level and the profile of the patient.
  - 2,123 272
Multiple supernumerary teeth associated with an impacted maxillary central incisor: Surgical and orthodontic management
Ramakrishna Yeluri, Manjunath Hegde, Sudhindra Baliga, Autar Krishen Munshi
April-June 2012, 3(2):219-222
DOI:10.4103/0976-237X.96844  PMID:22919229
Various anomalies in the size, shape, number, structure and eruption of the teeth are often observed clinical conditions. Supernumerary teeth can be found in almost any region of the dental arch, and most of the times they are asymptomatic, and are routinely found during radiographic evaluation. The most common cause of impacted maxillary incisors is the presence of the supernumerary teeth. This paper describes a case of multiple supernumerary teeth associated with an impacted permanent maxillary central incisor in an 11-year old child along with its surgical and orthodontic management.
  - 4,853 283
Stem cells: Promise to cure?
SG Damle
April-June 2012, 3(2):143-143
DOI:10.4103/0976-237X.98857  PMID:22919210
  - 1,929 198
Effect of locally delivered tetracycline hydrochloride as an adjunct to scaling and root planing on Hba1c, C-reactive protein, and lipid profile in type 2 diabetes: A clinico-biochemical study
Vidya Dodwad, Sakshi Ahuja, Bhavna Jha Kukreja
April-June 2012, 3(2):150-154
DOI:10.4103/0976-237X.96816  PMID:22919212
Aim: The aim was to assess the levels of HbA1c, C-reactive protein, and lipid profile in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus by treating the pockets using collagen impregnated sustained release resorbable tetracycline fiber (periodontal plus AB fiber) following scaling and root planing (SRP). Materials and Methods: A total of 40 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were randomly distributed into two groups receiving either SRP and tetracycline fiber or SRP alone. Patients were evaluated clinically with gingival index, plaque index, probing depth, and relative attachment level, and bio-chemically with HbA1c, C Reactive Protein, and lipid profile at baseline, 1 month, and 3 months. Results: Significant reduction in all the clinical parameters was seen in the tetracycline group compared to the control group. Bio-chemical analysis also revealed similar results except for cholesterol and High density lipoprotein who did not show any significant reduction. Conclusion: Locally delivered tetracycline as a better treatment modality compared to SRP alone.
  - 4,372 299