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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 269-273

Comparative evaluation of water sorption of heat-polymerized polymethyl methacrylate denture base resin reinforced with different concentrations of silanized titanium dioxide nanoparticles: An In vitro study

Department of Prosthodontics, V.S.P.M. Dental College and Research Centre, Nagpur; Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, Nashik, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rahul G Tekale
Department of Prosthodontics, V.S.P.M. Dental College and Research Centre, Nagpur . 440 019, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_499_18

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Statement of Problem: Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) is the most regularly used material in denture fabrication. Water sorption of denture base PMMA denture base resin has negative effects on physical properties, may lead to harmful tissue reactions in patients, and also has detrimental effects on color stability of the denture base. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect on water sorption of heat-cured PMMA denture base material after incorporation of 1%, 3%, and 5% by weight of silanized titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles. Materials and Methods: For preparation of test samples, TiO2nanoparticles (PCode: 700339, Sigma-Aldrich, USA) were coated with a layer of trimethoxysilylpropylmethacrylate (PCode: 440159, Sigma-Aldrich, USA) before sonicated in monomer (MMA) (DPI Heat Cure) with the percentages 1%, 3%, and 5% by weight; after sonication, it was mixed with PMMA powder using conventional denture fabrication procedure. Then, we prepared total 40 samples for study; 10 samples for each four groups, i.e. that is one control group and three experimental groups. The first group was prepared from PMMA without addition of TiO2nanoparticles (control group), the second group with the addition of 1 wt% TiO2nanoparticles, the third group with 3 wt% TiO2nanoparticles, and the fourth one with 5 wt% TiO2nanoparticles (experimental groups). Water sorption test was then conducted on each sample. Results: Each group was evaluated for water sorption test, and it was found that increasing the wt% of nanoparticles, there was a significant decrease in water sorption of denture base resin from 1.74 to 1.46 mean wt%. P value suggested that the difference of mean percent increase across all groups was statistically significant with P= 0.034. Conclusion: The maximum decrease in water sorption was observed in denture base resin incorporated with 5 wt% TiO2nanoparticles.

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