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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 619-624

Assessment of oral health status and treatment needs among individuals with thyroid dysfunction in Nashik city (Maharashtra): A cross-sectional study

1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Government Dental College, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, ACPM Dental College, Dhule, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Dr. D. Y. Patil Dental College, Pune, Maharashtra, India
4 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sinhgadh Dental College, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Minal Madhukar Kshirsagar
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Government Dental College, Aurangabad, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_574_18

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Objectives: The objective of the study is to assess the prevalence of dental caries and periodontal health status among individuals suffering from thyroid dysfunction in Nashik. To compare the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction between males and females. Materials and Methods: The present study is cross-sectional in nature. The study group comprised of randomly selected 100 individuals diagnosed as suffering from thyroid dysfunction and fulfilling eligibility criteria, visiting endocrinology center in Nashik city. Type III clinical examination was used for the assessment of oral health status. Control group was selected from the neighborhood in general population who had matched with the eligibility criteria of the study group. Oral hygiene status was assessed by using the WHO pro forma, 2013. Collected data were compiled into MS-Excel and subjected to statistical analysis using appropriate statistical tests. Results: Severity of dental caries status and periodontal destruction was found more in study group as (P < 0.05). The prevalence of thyroid dysfunction, severity of dental caries status and periodontal destruction was seen more in females as compared to males. Conclusion: Thyroid dysfunction has an impact on general and oral health as well. It is necessary to identify it early so as to prevent further progression of disease and destruction of oral tissues. It is also necessary to modify treatment plan if the patient is diagnosed with thyroid dysfunction to prevent further complications.

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