Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
  Home | About us | Editorial board | Search
Ahead of print | Current Issue | Archives | Advertise
Instructions | Online submission| Contact us | Subscribe |


Login  | Users Online: 1904  Print this pageEmail this pageSmall font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size 

Year : 2018  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 597-600

Nicotine, the predictor of success or failure of dental implants: A retrospective study

1 Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, Indraprastha Dental College and Hospital, Sahidabad, Ghaziaabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Division of Prosthodontics, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh 11681, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Periodontology and Implantology, SMBT Dental College and Hospital, Sangamner, Maharashtra, India
4 Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, Dental College, Azamgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Thotapalli Suman
Division of Prosthodontics, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh 11681
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ccd.ccd_597_18

Rights and Permissions

Background: Dental implant therapy is a treatment of choice in missing teeth. However, certain conditions such as smoking, hypertension, and diabetes have negative influence on success of dental implants. Nicotine is found to cause osteoclastic changes. The present study was conducted to assess the relationship between nicotine and implant failure. Materials and Methods: The present retrospective study included 2570 patients of both genders. They were divided into two groups. Group I consisted of 1250 patients with a history of smoking and Group II were nonsmokers and comprised 1320 patients. The presence of pain, mobility, and inflammation was considered positive signs for implant failure. Results: The results showed that in Group I, males had 6.13% and females had 5% dental implant failure. Overall failure rate in Group I was 5.56%. In Group II, males had 2.98% and females had 0.9% failure. Overall failure rate in Group II was 2.35%. The difference between both groups was statistically significant (P < 0.05). In Group I, maximum (56), and in Group II, 18 patients had habit of >10 years of smoking. Maximum patients had habit of consumption of >20 cigarettes/day (Group I) and Group II had only 10 patients with this frequency. Maximum dental implant failures were observed in maxillary arch (70) than in mandibular arch (32). The difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Smoking influences the survival rate of dental implants. Thus, patient should be educated to discontinue the habit before implant placement.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded24    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal