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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 75-80

Atomic force microscopic comparison of remineralization with casein-phosphopeptide amorphous calcium phosphate paste, acidulated phosphate fluoride gel and iron supplement in primary and permanent teeth: An in-vitro study

1 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, People's College of Dental Science and Research Center, Bhanpur, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
2 Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, Division of Pedodontics, College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha 61471, Assir, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Modern Dental College, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Nikita Agrawal
Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, People's College of Dental Sciences and Research Center, People's Campus, Bhanpur, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0976-237X.128672

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Context: Demineralization of tooth by erosion is caused by frequent contact between the tooth surface and acids present in soft drinks. Aim: The present study objective was to evaluate the remineralization potential of casein-phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) paste, 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gel and iron supplement on dental erosion by soft drinks in human primary and permanent enamel using atomic force microscopy (AFM). Materials and Methods: Specimens were made from extracted 15 primary and 15 permanent teeth which were randomly divided into three treatment groups: CPP-ACP paste, APF gel and iron supplement. AFM was used for baseline readings followed by demineralization and remineralization cycle. Results and Statistics: Almost all group of samples showed remineralization that is a reduction in surface roughness which was higher with CPP-ACP paste. Statistical analysis was performed using by one-way ANOVA and Mann-Whitney U-test with P < 0.05. Conclusions: It can be concluded that the application of CPP-ACP paste is effective on preventing dental erosion from soft drinks.

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