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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 437-442

The effects of silorane composites on levels of cytokines and periodontal parameters

1 Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey
2 Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey
3 Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Yuzuncu Yil University, Van, Turkey
4 Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Neslihan Celik
Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Atatürk University, 25240, Erzurum
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Source of Support: This study supported by Ataturk University BAP Commission (2009/51)., Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0976-237X.123021

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Aims: The purpose of this pilot study was to determine the effects of silorane composites on gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) levels of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and IL-8, GCF volume and clinical periodontal parameters in patients with silorane composite restorations before and after restorative treatment. Materials and Methods: A total of 20 systemically healthy non-smokers, 12 female and 8 male (age range: 24-46 years), presenting with 25 instances of primary dentine caries with subgingival margins were selected for this study. Approval was obtained from the university ethics committee and treatment plans were approved by the patients. GCF samples were obtained with periopaper strips from relevant teeth for IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α measurements. Each sample was stored at − 80°C and analyzed using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. Cavities were prepared according to the common principles for adhesive restorations and restored with a silorane adhesive system (Silorane System Adhesive (3M ESPE) and silorane composite (Filtek Silorane, 3M ESPE). Cytokine levels were reassessed 2 weeks after restorative treatment. Data were analyzed using the independent t-test at a significance level of α =0.05. Associations between parameters were analyzed using Pearson correlation analysis. Results: A significant increase in gingival index (GI) and plaque index (PI) were observed after 15 days (P < 0.05). GCF volume, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α levels exhibited significant differences before and after restorative treatment (P < 0.05). There were strong positive correlations among parameters except for PI/GCF volume and GI/GCF volume. Conclusion: Within the limitations of this investigation, silorane composites may have some negative effects on cytokine levels, clinical parameters and GCF volume.

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