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 Table of Contents  
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 76-78  

Denture labeling: A new approach


Department of Prosthodontics, Dashmesh Institute of Research and Dental Science, Faridkot, Punjab, India

Date of Web Publication20-Jul-2011

Correspondence Address:
Pardeep K Bansal
Department of Prosthodontics, Dashmesh Institute of Research and Dental Science, Faridkot, Punjab
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0976-237X.83064

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   Abstract 

The need for denture labeling is important for forensic and social reasons in case patients need to be identified individually. The importance of denture marking has long been acknowledged by the dental profession. Over the years, various denture marking systems have been reported in the literature, but none till date fulfills all the prescribed ADA specifications. A simple, easy, inexpensive procedure for marking accurate identification marks on dentures with a lead foil is described here. The label caring the patient information is incorporated in the acrylic resin during the denture processing.

Keywords: Denture labeling, denture marking, forensic dentistry


How to cite this article:
Bansal PK, Sharma A, Bhanot R. Denture labeling: A new approach. Contemp Clin Dent 2011;2:76-8

How to cite this URL:
Bansal PK, Sharma A, Bhanot R. Denture labeling: A new approach. Contemp Clin Dent [serial online] 2011 [cited 2020 Jan 19];2:76-8. Available from: http://www.contempclindent.org/text.asp?2011/2/2/76/83064


   Introduction Top


Identification is an essential requirement of any medicolegal investigation, because a mistaken identity may pose a problem in delivering justice. Forensic dentistry is one of the most recent branches of dentistry which deals with medicolegal cases. Labeled dentures can be important in identifying people who have lost their memory or in identifying the bodies of those who died in disaster. [1],[2]

The importance of placing identification marks on dentures has long been acknowledged by the dental profession, although no standard method has been developed. [3],[4] Majority of the surface marking and inclusion methods are expensive, time consuming, and do not permit the incorporation of large amount of information. A procedure for marking accurate identification marks is described in this article, which is easy, quick, and esthetically acceptable.


   Materials and Methods Top


Step-by-step procedure is described below:

  • Complete denture trial is done in a routine manner and then laboratory procedures are initiated.
  • Seal the trial denture to the master cast [Figure 1] and do the flasking till the dewaxing stage [Figure 2].
  • Take a used IOPA radiographic film and cut a piece of lead foil from it with the dimension 2.5-0.6 cm. Write the patient detail (name, hospital/OPD no., name of the hospital, and the place where the work is done) with a ball tipped pen [Figure 3].
  • Mix small amount of heat-cure acrylic resin and place it in the posterolateral region of the palate (in maxilla), in the lingual flange (in mandible).
  • Place the lead foil (carrying patient detail) in the specified areas and again cover it with mixed acrylic. The idea is to sandwich the lead foil in layers of acrylic [Figure 4].
  • Lightly chip blow the acrylic 2 to 3 times with the blow torch. Care should be taken so that the acrylic is not burnt or overheated. This is done to prevent the shifting of the acrylic and lead foil during the trial closures [Figure 5].
  • Measured polymer/monomer mixture should be packed into the mould in the dough stage.
  • Do the trial closures till no flash appears.
  • Bench cure/polymerize the dentures.
  • Deflask, trim, and polish the dentures to a good finish [Figure 6].
  • An IOPA radiograph is exposed in the area where the lead foil is placed. The radiograph will reveal the complete detail of the patient [Figure 7].
Figure 1: Wax-up denture

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Figure 2: After dewaxing

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Figure 3: Armamentarium

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Figure 4: (a) Label sandwiched in layers of acrylic, (b) label positioned

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Figure 5: Chip blow the acrylic

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Figure 6: Finished denture

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Figure 7: Exposed IOPA radiograph showing patients detail

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   Discussion Top


Denture labeling was introduced in prosthetic dentistry due to the necessity of forensic experts. Should an edentulous individual be involved in a disfiguring disaster, it might be difficult to identify him unless his dentures were uniquely marked.

Various techniques have been devised and reported in the literature till date and are broadly divided into surface marking or inclusion methods. The surface marking methods include engraving the cast, scribbling on dentures/writing on the denture surface, while the inclusion methods involve incorporation of microchips, lenticular cards, and radio-based tagging transponders into the dentures .of the many options considered, but none fulfills all the prescribed ADA specifications. [5] The surface markers (spirit pens, various sealants) were rapidly removed by one or more abrasive, denture cleansers, antiseptic/mouthwash agents. Inclusion methods like lenticular cards, transponders, and plastic chips are not economical, are time consuming, and also not simple. [6],[7],[8],[9],[10] The Swedish identification band was found to be of international standard accepted by FDI, researchers have shown that the metal band is not resistant to very high temperatures. Moreover, these methods require equipments not readily available in the dental laboratories.

The technique described in this article requires no additional armamentarium, apart from the one that are readily available in a dental laboratory. An additional benefit is the incorporation of a radiographic substance to help locate an aspirated temporary partial denture.


   Conclusion Top


An easy and inexpensive method fulfilling all the required ADA specifications for denture marking has been proposed in this article. The label here is durable and can withstand high temperature also. The label shows no sign of deterioration/fading, is cosmetically appealing, and can satisfy all the forensic requirements of a suitable prosthesis. The routine marking of all dentures by this method is advocated.

 
   References Top

1.Borrman HI, DiZinno JA, Wasén J, René N. On denture marking. J Forensic Odontostomatol 1999;17:20-6.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.Delattre VF, Stimson PG. Self assessment of the forensic value of dental records. J Forensic Sci 1999;44:906-9.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.Harvey W. Identify by teeth and the marking of dentures. Br Dent J 1966;121:334-40.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.MacEntee MI, Campbell T. Personal identification using dental prosthesis. J Prosthet Dent 1979;41:377-80.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.Reeson MG. A simple and inexpensive inclusion technique for denture identification. J Prosthet Dent 2001;86:441-2.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.Millet C, Jeannin C. Incorporation of microchips to facilitate denture identification by radiofrequency tagging. J Prosthet Dent 2004;92:588-90.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.Ling BC. Computer -printer denture microlabelling technique. J Prosthet Dent 1998;79:363-4.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.Ling BC. A white character denture labeling technique. J Prosthet Dent 1993;69:545.  Back to cited text no. 8
    
9.Toolson LB, Taylor TD. Method of denture identification. J Prosthet Dent 1989;61:114-5.  Back to cited text no. 9
    
10.Todo J, Lukens EM. A Technique for placing names in dentures. J Prosthet Dent 1977;37:469-71.  Back to cited text no. 10
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3], [Figure 4], [Figure 5], [Figure 6], [Figure 7]



 

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   Introduction
    Materials and Me...
   Discussion
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